OUR MISSION: As our climate changes, ACER supports communities with grassroots initiatives to plant trees, and educates on how to measure, monitor and report on tree health and growth.

Shrubs: Gray Dogwood

Latin Name: Cornus racemosa Lam.

General Description: A tall, many branched shrub about 2.5 m tall, commonly forming compact thickets. Grows in moist soil along river banks and on sandy slopes and limestone ridges.

Leaves: Numerous, simple, opposite, and deciduous, the blades 5-10 cm long and 2-4 cm wide, dark green above, gray-green and minutely hairy below, elliptic or narrowly oval with a long tapered end.

Grey Dogwood_leaves










Twigs: Slender, smooth and gray to light brown, pith slender, pale brown or white in current year’s growth.

Grey Dogwood-stem








Fruit: Round, white, berry-like fleshy fruit less than 6 mm in diameter, usually on a bright red stalk and in red-stalked clusters.

Flowers: Small, creamy-white and ill-scented, loose long clusters nearly as high as broad, flowers in late June.

Sources used: Shrubs of Ontario by James H. Soper and Margaret L. Heimburger (1994).