Table of Contents

CLIMATE CHANGE IN CONTEXT PREVIOUS | NEXT
1.0 INTRODUCTION
2.0 OVER-RIDING CONCEPTS
2.1 Thinking Systems
2.2 Scientific Method to Mathematical Models
2.3 Models to Scenarios
2.4 Graphing, Mapping and Analysis Techniques
3.0 GENERAL CONCEPTS
3.1 Earth Systems
a. Earth Systems and Dynamics
b. Global Ecosystems
3.1.1 Understanding Climate
a. The Components of the Earth System
b. Interactions among Components (Cycles-Hydrological, ENSO, NAO)
c. Weather vs. Climate
d. Natural Variability of Climate (Ice Ages, Warm Period, Extremes)
e. The Natural Greenhouse Effect
f. Climate System Feedback
3.2 Understanding the factors that Influence Climate
3.2.1 The Sun and the global energy balance
a. Tilt of Earth
b. Latitude
3.2.2 Astronomical
3.2.3 Weather Patterns
3.2.4 Topography
3.2.5 Proximity to Water Bodies
3.2.6 Surface Properties of the Earth
3.3 Understanding Climate Change
3.3.1 Natural Causes
3.3.2 Anthropogenic (Human – Induced)
a. The Enhanced Greenhouse Effect
b. Stratospheric Ozone Depletion
c. Land Use Change
d. Aerosols and Air Pollution
4.0 THE PAST
4.1 Scientific Evidence – Paleo-Proxy Indicators
a. Paleoclimate and Indicators
b. Paleo-proxy Data and Trends in Carbon Dioxide
c. Paleo-proxy Data and Trends in other Greenhouse Gases
d. Paleo-proxy Data and Trends in Temperature
e. Proxy Data from Pollen Cores
4.2 IMPACTS
4.2.1 Impacts on Lithosphere (Land)
a. Glacial Periods and Glaciers
b. Niagara Escarpment Glaciation
c. Retreat of Pleistocene Glaciers from North America
d. Crawford Lake: A Partially Developed Plunge Pool
4.2.2 Impacts on Hydrosphere (Water)
a. Sea Levels
b. Ocean Temperatures Surface and Abyssal
c. Great Lake Levels and Altered Stream Drainage Patterns
4.2.3 Impacts on Biosphere (Lifeforms)
a. Extinctions
b. Flora and Fauna
5.0 THE PRESENT/RECENT PAST
5.1 Global
5.1.1 Scientific Evidence – Observing Climate Change
a. Recent Trends in Carbon Dioxide
b. Recent Trends in other Greenhouse Gases
c. Recent Trends in Temperature/Precipitation
d. Recent Trends in Extreme Weather
5.1.2 Impacts
a. Hydrology and Water Resources
b. Ecosystems
c. Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems
d. Human Settlements, Energy, and Industry
e. Insurance and Other Financial Services
f. Human Health
5.2 Ontario – Great Lakes Region
5.2.1 Scientific Evidence
a. Recent Trends in Greenhouse Gas Emissions
b. Recent Trends in Temperature/Precipitation
c. Recent Trends in Extreme Weather
5.2.2 Impacts
a. Hydrology and Water Resources
b. Ecosystems
c. Human Settlements, Energy, and Industry
d. Insurance and Other Financial Services
e. Human Health
6.0 THE FUTURE
6.1 Global
6.1.1 Scientific Projections
a. Projections for Carbon Dioxide
b. Projections for Temperature/Precipitation
c. Projections for Extreme Weather
6.1.2 Impacts
a. Hydrology and Water Resources
b. Ecosystems
c. Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems
d. Human Settlements, Energy, and Industry
e. Insurance and other Financial Services
f. Human Health
6.2 Ontario – Great Lakes Region
6.2.1 Scientific Projections
a. Projections for Greenhouse Gas Emissions
b. Projections for Temperature/Precipitation
c. Projections for Extreme Weather
6.2.2 Impacts
a. Hydrology and Water Resources
b. Ecosystems
c. Human Settlements, Energy, and Industry
d. Insurance and other Financial Services
e. Human Health
7.0 MEETING THE CHALLENGE ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION
7.1 Global
7.1.1 Adaptation – Vulnerability Reduction Strategies
a. Hydrology and Water Resources
b. Ecosystems
c. Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems
d. Human Settlements, Energy, and Industry
e. Insurance and other Financial Services
f. Human Health
7.1.2 Mitigation – Emission Reduction Strategies
7.1.2.1 Government/Policy
a. Montreal Protocol
b. UNFCCC (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change)
c. Kyoto Protocol
7.1.2.2 By Sector
a. Buildings Sector
b. Transport Sector
c. Industry Sector
d. Agricultural Sector
e. Waste Management Sector
f. Energy Supply Sector
7.2 Ontario – Great Lakes Region
7.2.1 Adaptation – Vulnerability Reduction Strategies
a. Hydrology and Water Resources
b. Ecosystems
c. Human Settlements, Energy, and Industry
d. Insurance and other Financial Services
e. Human Health
7.2.2 Mitigation – Emission Reduction Strategies
7.2.2.1 Government/Policy
a. Montreal Protocol Commitments
b. UNFCCC Commitments
c. Kyoto Commitments
7.2.2.2 By sector
a. Buildings Sector
b. Transport Sector
c. Industry Sector
d. Agricultural Sector
e. Waste Management Sector
f. Energy Supply Sector
g. Forestry Sector
7.3 Ontario Case Studies/Success Stories
7.3.1 Individuals, Families
7.3.2 School Boards/Schools
7.3.3 Business and Industry/Industrial Ecology
7.3.4 Organizations/Community
7.3.5 Colleges/Universities
7.3.6 Regions/Watershed/Local Protection
7.3.7 Cities/Towns
7.3.8 Provincial Programs
7.3.9 Federal/National Programs
7.3.10 International Agreements
7.4 Spheres of Empowerment – The Many Contexts in which we can Make a Difference
7.4.1 Individuals, Family, Household
7.4.2 School Boards/ Schools
7.4.3 Business and Industry/Industrial Ecology
7.4.4 Organizations/Communities
7.4.5 Colleges /Universities
7.4.6 Regions/Watershed/Local Protection
7.4.7 Cities/Towns
7.4.8 Provincial Programs
7.4.9 Federal/National Programs
7.4.10 International
7.5 Resources, Web Sites and Projects
g. Forestry Sector
g. Forestry Sector
g. Forestry Sector

Leave a Reply